Nearsighted (Myopia)

The Nearsighted Eye

Nearsightedness (myopia) is a common cause of blurred vision. It can be mild, moderate, or severe. If you are nearsighted, objects in the distance appear blurry and out of focus. Most nearsightedness is caused by a natural change in the shape of the eyeball. These changes cause light rays entering the eye to focus in front of the retina.

There is nothing you can do to prevent nearsightedness.

What are the Symptoms?

The main symptom is blurred vision when looking at distant objects. You may have trouble clearly seeing images or words on a blackboard, movie screen, or television. This can lead to poor school, athletic, or work performance.

Your child may be nearsighted if he or she squints or frowns, gets headaches often, or holds books or other objects very close to his or her face. Children who are nearsighted may sit at the front of the classroom or very close to the TV or movie screen. They may not be interested in sports or other activities that require good distance vision.

Treating nearsightedness early may prevent children from having trouble in school.

How is Nearsightedness Diagnosed?

Eye exams should be done for new babies and at all well-child visits. Nearsightedness is usually first discovered in children of grade-school age.

What Causes Nearsightedness?

Nearsightedness is a condition that develops usually between the ages of 6 to 21, gradually worsening through adolescence and early adulthood. Nearsightedness can be an inherited condition.

How Can this Be Corrected?

No medication can correct nearsightedness. Most people who are nearsighted use eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct their vision. Advances in eye surgery over the years have led to new procedures for correcting nearsightedness. To find out more correction options contact Family Eye Clinic at 303.EYE.TEST (303-393-8378).